Журнал "Самиздат": Проза
момента их возобновления () в царствование Александра II после .. 23 Метелкин А. И., Алов И. А., Хесин Я. Е. А. И. Бабухин, . осуществлял Журнал Министерства Народного Просвещения (ЖМНП)52, .. необходимо было завести личные знакомства с местными профессорами, для. Деловые знакомства и практика личного брендинга на открытом воздухе. . Юнит-Консалтинг, член экспертного совета журнала «Crisis Manager». .. Прометей)! Андрей Фролов! Александр Метёлкин! С премьерой, друзья!. Метелкин Александр: Октябрь . Лень Анатолий: Потеря старых бывших знакомых новые незнакомые встречи знакомства 5k Справочник.
Теуша… Среди рукописей, изъятых у гр. При этом он весьма сочувственно отзывается о власовцах. Солженицын разослал… два письма, в которых высказывает деланную тревогу относительно публикации "Ракового корпуса" в реакционнейших издательствах Запада и возлагает моральную ответственность за это на секретариат правления Союза писателей СССР… Хотелось надеяться, что А.
Солженицын осознает необходимость выступить с резким протестом против действий зарубежных издательств… Но Солженицын этого не сделал. Не сделал он этого и после того, как ряд зарубежных издательств, продолжая разжигать антисоветские страсти, объявили недавно о том, что они готовятся опубликовать еще одно произведение А. Солженицына "В круге первом", содержащее злостную клевету на наш общественный строй… Писатель Солженицын мог бы свои литературные способности целиком отдать Родине, а не ее злопыхателям.
Солженицына активно используются враждебной буржуазной пропагандой для клеветнической кампании против нашей страны. Солженицын не только не высказал публично своего отношения к этой кампании, но, несмотря на критику советской общественности и неоднократные рекомендации Союза писателей СССР, некоторыми своими действиями и заявлениями, по существу, способствовал раздуванию антисоветской шумихи вокруг своего имени.
Исходя из этого, собрание Рязанской писательской организации постановило исключить А. Нобелевская премия по литературе была присуждена Солженицыну в году, а вручена лишь в году по независевшим от него причинам Фото: Лондонская "Таймс" в редакционной статье прямо писала: Человек с болезненным самомнением, Солженицын легко поддался на лесть людей, которые не выбирают средств, когда речь идет о борьбе против советского строя.
Так Солженицын сделал из своего одиночества уже не трагедию, а бизнес… Решение, принятое в Стокгольме, вызывает протест совсем не потому, что Солженицын создает произведения, способные будто бы расшатать устои социализма.
Я, как американский артист, должен ответить на некоторые ваши обвинения, публикуемые капиталистической прессой во всем мире.
разбегаев Инстаграм фото
По моему мнению, они являются ложными обвинениями, и народы мира должны знать, почему они ложные. Верно, что в Советском Союзе есть свои несправедливости и недостатки, но ведь все в мире относительно… Принципы, на которых построено ваше общество, здоровы, чисты и справедливы, в то время как принципы, на которых построено наше общество, жестоки, корыстны и несправедливы… Именно ваша страна стремится делать прогрессивные шаги во имя человечества, и если она в чем-то несовершенна и порою спотыкается, то мы не должны осуждать за эти недостатки всю систему, а должны приветствовать ее за мужество и стремление прокладывать новые пути.
Глубоко справедливую критику он оставил без внимания. Об этом свидетельствует его роман "Август четырнадцатого", где он опять извращает действительность, порочит ее, замахивается на святая святых советского человека — Октябрьскую революцию.
Где его гражданская совесть? Я не вижу в ней художественных достоинств, но вот оскорбить мою страну и исказить историческую действительность ему удалось… Но я не могу оставаться равнодушным, молчаливым свидетелем того, как г-н Солженицын издевается над советским обществом и советским строем. Он не видит в истории моей страны ничего, кроме тюрем и лагерей. И изображает Советский Союз как одну большую тюрьму, а народ — в виде толпы бессловесных, покорных рабов… Spiegel: Вы верите в это?
Михалкова журналу Spiegel от И продался он не за тридцать сребреников, а за более внушительные суммы. На советский народ, на нашу родину клеветали всякие проходимцы и негодяи. Многие уже забыты напрочь. Будет забыт и Солженицын, и его антинародные измышления сгниют на свалке истории. Петрусь Бровка …чем больше растет авторитет нашей державы, ставшей опорой всех миролюбивых сил, тем яростнее разрываются в своем слепом бешенстве враги социализма, все явные и тайные палачи, на совести которых кровь замученных чилийских демократов, гибель вьетнамских детей и многие другие такого же рода преступления.
И они еще разглагольствуют о гуманности, о человечности!. Не гнушаясь ничем, в приступах антисоветизма принимают они в свои объятия любых отщепенцев вроде Солженицына, чей путь на днях убедительно охарактеризован в "Правде" как путь предательства. На самом же деле Солженицын использует эти факты для того, чтобы оболгать советский народ, зачеркнуть все его победы и достижения.
New paleomagnetic data have been obtained from Early Cretaceous volcanosedimentary sections of the Chikoi-Khilok, Borgoi, and Uda depressions of Transbaikalia. A paleomagnetic pole has been positioned to satisfy the modern criteria of reliability so that it can be used in paleotectonic reconstructions.
The Early Cretaceous age of the recognized directions of natural remanent magnetization receives support from reversal, fold, and conglomerate paleomagnetic tests as well as from the coincidence of magnetozones of direct and reversed polarity with the magnetochronological scale. The obtained paleomagnetic data evidence that there are strike-slip deformations of sinistral kinematics in the south of the Siberian Platform, which are responsible for the regime of intracontinental extension and formation of graben structures filled with products of within-plate magmatism.
Paleozoic history of the Kara microcontinent and its relation to Siberia and Baltica: The tectonic history of the Kara microcontinent on the northern part of the Taimyr-Severnaya Zemlya region, Siberian Arctic, has been the subject of considerable dispute, especially with respect to whether it was attached to Siberia or Baltica, or was an independent plate during the Late Neoproterozoic and Early Paleozoic.
One way to resolve this controversy is by quantitative paleomagnetic data, and in this article, we present the results of a paleomagnetic study of Early Paleozoic strata from October Revolution Island in the Severnaya Zemlya Archipelago, which allow definition of the paleogeographic position of the Kara microcontinent during the Early Paleozoic.
Paleomagnetic poles for three consecutive time intervals, i.
These new data demonstrate that Kara was not part of Siberia or Baltica during the Early Paleozoic, but support models that it was an exotic microcontinent with an independent tectonic history. The Paleozoic tectonic evolution of the Kara microcontinent was dominated by strike-slip displacements associated with a transform margin that resulted in collision with the Siberian craton in the Late Carboniferous to Permian. This interpretation provides a new foundation to explain the Paleozoic history of the Kara microcontinent.
The Siberian Craton in the structure of the supercontinent Rodinia: The hypothetical united supercontinent Rodinia is present in all the tectonic and geodynamic reconstructions available for the Mesoproterozoic-Neoproterozoic stage of geological history.
It is assumed that the supercontinent appeared 1.
Фатима, которая покоряет раз и навсегда
According to various estimates, its breakup occurred during the Neoproterozoic Ma ago. Despite the attractiveness of this hypothesis, it has yet to be sufficiently substantiated. The structure of the supercontinent, e.
The analysis of different models shows that most researchers assume that the Siberian Craton was located near the North American continent Laurentiaalthough their mutual location is substantially different in these models. The geological structure and evolution of the margins of the Siberian Craton constrain its position relative to other continental blocks of Rodinia.
For example, it was shown in that the Siberian continent could have been entirely or almost entirely surrounded by oceanic basins or sea gulfs in the Late Mesoproterozoic-Early Neoproterozoic. New paleomagnetic data have been obtained from the Neoproterozoic subvolcanic intrusions which are widespread in the Biryusa terrane of the southwestern margin of the Siberian craton. The mafic dike swarms called the Nersa complex are rift-related subvolcanics, which could be used as indicators of the initial stage of the Neoproterozoic breakup of the Rodinia supercontinent.
Two stable components of magnetization from the Nersa intrusions and Neoproterozoic sedimentary rocks of the Karagas series have been obtained.
One of them is possibly a synfolding component related to the Early Paleozoic deformation processes. The nature of this component is disputable. On the one hand, it can locate Siberia in the Late Neoproterozoic, but on the other hand, it can also reflect the Early Paleozoic remagnetization processes. Detailed analysis of the data, including results of reversal, baked-contact, and fold tests, suggests that the paleomagnetic directions could be of primary origin.
We have tested the new paleomagnetic pole for its correspondence to some alternative tectonic reconstructions of Rodinia and believe that Siberia had an equatorial position and its modern southern margin was oriented to Laurentia during Neoproterozoic time.
In this paper we generalize the data obtained for the Kuznetsk Basin traps studied over many years. Also, the paleomagnetic pole has been located accurately enough to be used in paleotectonic reconstructions. The Permian and Triassic age of the characteristic component of magnetization has been confirmed by fold and baked-contact tests. Comparative analysis of the magnetic zoning record in the sections of traps of the Kuznetsk Basin, northern Siberian Platform, and West Siberian Plate shows that the intraplate magmatism was mutually related in these areas about the time of the Permian-Triassic transition.
Systematization of the obtained and available paleomagnetic data shows that the trap magmatism in the Kuznetsk Basin, as compared with the rest of Siberia, was an extremely short-term event. The entire section corresponds to the initial stage of the intraplate magmatic activity in the Siberian region, with their formation lasting no more than 1 Myr. The nature of the strike-slip movements is interpreted in terms of plume tectonics and is due to a clockwise rotation of the Siberian part of the Eurasian continent relative to the European part.
Thus, the formation of the Permian-Triassic volcanotectonic structures of the Kuznetsk Basin followed the "pull-apart" scheme. Siberian craton in Rodinia supercontinent: Analysis of paleomagnetic data enabled reconstruction of mutual spatial position of Siberia and Laurentia, though regarded as preliminary.
However, presented paleomagnetic evidence poses some limitations on the present paleogeodynamic reconstructions of Rodinia formation and breakup and allows certain important conclusions.
Yu Neoproterozoic evolution of Rodinia: The paper summarizes paleomagnetic results obtained from the Neoproterozoic rocks of the western margin of the Siberian craton. On the basis of the obtained paleomagnetic poles and available paleomagnetic data for the Precambrian of Siberia, a new version of the Neoproterozoic segment of the apparent polar wandering path APWP is proposed for the craton and is compared with the Laurentian APWP.
The superposition of these paths suggests that in the Neoproterozoic the southern margin of the Siberian craton in modern coordinates faced the Canadian margin of Laurentia. Most likely, in the end of the Mesoproterozoic and during the Neoproterozoic the Siberian craton and Laurentia were connected to form the supercontinent Rodinia. At 1 Ga the western margin of the Siberian craton was a northern in modern coordinates continuation of the western margin of Laurentia.
Analysis of a total of the data available suggests that strike-slip movements on the background of the progressive opening of the oceanic basin between Siberia and Laurentia were predominant in the south of the Siberian craton during the Neoproterozoic. Similar kinematics is typical of the western margin of Laurentia, where strike-slip motions are probably associated with the progressive opening of the ocean basin between Laurentia and eastern Gondwana.
Paleomagnetism of Upper Jurassic basalts from Transbaikalia: The Upper Jurassic basalts Ma described as the Ichetui Formation over the territory of the Tugnui, Margintui, and Maly Khamar-Daban volcanic structures have been studied paleomagnetically. It is shown that natural remanent magnetization still contains a component which may reflect the geomagnetic field direction at the beginning of the Late Jurassic.
This is supported by reversal and conglomerate tests. Calculation of mean paleopole gives: These values well coincide with the data for the Badin Formation from Mogzon depression, which lies east of the study area and approximately dates from the Kimmeridgian-Oxfordian interval of the Late Jurassic.
At the same time, those poles statistically differ from the European and Southeast Asian poles of the same age. The available paleomagnetic data suggest that at the beginning of the Late Jurassic the Mongol-Okhotsk Ocean was probably still open. Since the early Late Jurassic the continental blocks of Southeastern Asia and Siberian part of the Eurasian plate had been approaching, with the Siberian domain rotating clockwise.
Analysis of the total of data shows that sinistral strike-slip deformations were present not only in southern Siberia but also between the Siberian and European Platforms.
Thus, the deformations of the Central Asian crust in the early Late Jurassic reflect the intraplate strike-slip motions coeval with the closure of the Mongol-Okhotsk Ocean and are governed by the clockwise rotation of the Siberian part of the Eurasian plate relative to its European part.
The geodynamic evolution of the folded framing and the western margin of the Siberian craton in the Neoproterozoic: The formation of the western margin of the Siberian craton in the Neoproterozoic is considered, with a focus on its transformation from a passive continental margin into an active one, accretion and collision processes, formation of island arcs and ophiolites, orogeny, and continent-marginal rifting.
The evolution and correlation of sedimentary basins within fold-thrust belts of the Siberian Platform framing are considered. New structural and kinematic data on the Yenisei fault zone are discussed.
On the basis of paleomagnetic data obtained for the structures in the zone of junction of the Siberian Platform and the West Siberian Plate, new models are proposed for the location of the Siberian craton relative to other paleocontinents and microcontinents in the Neoproterzoic.
All these data provide a consistent evolution scheme for the western margin of the Siberian paleocontinent in the Neoproterozoic and constrain the position of the Siberian craton margin in Late Neoproterozoic pre-Vendian time.
New structural, petrological, chemical, isotope, and paleomagnetic data have provided clues to the Late Riphean-Paleozoic history of the Uda-Vitim island arc system UVIAS in the Transbaikalian sector of the Paleoasian ocean, as part of the Transbaikalian zone of Paleozoids.
- Александр Солженицын в цитатах современников
- Опросы/Выбор лауреатов «Вики-премии» в номинации «Свободные знания» в 2016 году
The island arc system consists of three units corresponding to main evolution stages: The earliest stage produced the base of the system composed of Late Riphean ophiolite Ma, U-Pb and volcanic Ma, U-Pb and sedimentary rocks hemipelagic siliceous sediments and dolerite sills which represent the Barguzin-Vitim oceanic basin and the Kelyana island arc.
The main event of the second stage was the formation of the large UVIAS structure overkm2 which comprised the Transbaikalian oceanic basin, the forearc and backarc basins, and the volcanic arc itself, and consisted of many volcanic-tectonic units exceeding km 2 in area Eravna, Oldynda, Abaga, etc.
The rocks were studied in terms of their biostratigraphic and isotope age constraints, as well as major- and trace-element compositions, and were interpreted as products of weathering and tectonic-magmatic rework of the UVIAS units. Yu The history of the Karagas Supergroup evolution in the Biryusa region: We summarize the results of paleomagnetic and sedimentological studies of the Neoproterozoic rhythmic terrigenous-carbonate rock unit in the Karagas Supergroup, which were carried out in the middle reaches of the Biryusa and Uda Rivers.
The paleomagnetic data are presented along with a detailed description of the studied sections and the specific sedimentological characteristics of the studied deposits.
The new data refine the position of Late Precambrian paleomagnetic poles in Siberia and mark the paleogeographic and facies features of the rock unit formation. They also show that the rock unit was deposited much more rapidly than it was supposed earlier, in the environment of shallow-water sea basin on the margin of the Siberian continent.
The origin and evolution of the Karagas sedimentary basin was governed by both global and regional tectonic factors.
We suppose that the onset of the basin can be linked to a tectonic event, namely, the opening of ocean in southern Siberia during the break-up of Rodinia.
Regional tectonic processes controlled the position of the Karagas sedimentary basin and its evolution. International Association for Godwana Research.
This paper presents paleomagnetic data for Late Mesozoic Middle Jurassic to end-Cretaceous rocks of the Siberian platform Verkhoyansk Trough and its southwestern margin Transbaikalian basins and Minusa Trough. We determine a series of key paleomagnetic poles for, and This quantitative approach provides the opportunity for a general revision of Mesozoic tectonics of Central Asia.
Many researchers have considered the Eurasian continent to have been completely stable during the Mesozoic era. However, we demonstrate systematic deviations of corresponding Mesozoic poles from Siberia and Europe, and interpret the discrepancies as evidence for large-scale sinistral strike-slip motion due to clockwise rotation of the Siberian plate relative to the European plate.
We conclude that, following its Late Paleozoic assembly, the Eurasian plate was not internally stable, i. The Mesozoic geological evolution of Siberia was dominated by strike-slip tectonics.
Rift-related grabens formed within the basement of the West Siberia sedimentary basin and orogenic events occurred along the southwestern margin of the Siberian craton, within the Central Asia tectonic province. Our paleomagnetic reconstruction indicates also that the Mongol-Okhotsk Ocean was still not closed completely before the end of the Jurassic. We propose that final collision occurred in the Early Cretaceous, and during the Middle to Late Jurassic interval, northward subduction of oceanic lithosphere resulted in oblique, west-to-east ocean closure a "scissors-like" model.
The closure was controlled by significant sinistral strike-slip motion of the Siberian craton. This process is reflected in Transbaikalia by extensive bimodal volcanic activity and development of rift-related structures, including pull-apart basins. Westart from the end of Mesoproterozoic where the Rodinia supercontinent was assembled. The available geological and paleomagnetic data set suggests that at the Meso-Neoproterozoic boundary Siberian craton was a part of Rodinia supercontinentlengthening the Laurentia northward.
The reconstruction implies that the southern inmodern coordinates margin of Siberia was oriented towards the northern margin of Laurentia. Most likely Siberia represented a giant promontory in the southeast of Rodinia,because during the Late Mesoproterozoic and Early Mesozoic, the western, northern andeastern in modern coordinates margins of Siberia represented marginal marine basinsopened to the ocean.
New paleomagnetic data show that the Siberia - Laurentiadisintegration during the Neoproterozoic Rodinia break-up has developed progressivelyfrom west to east along the southern in modern coordinates margin of the Siberiancraton under the controlling role of strike-slips. During Neoproterozoic on thebackground of the Rodinia break-up in the west of the Siberian craton, a gradualtransformation of passive continental margin into active continental margin occurred witha development of Late Neoproterozoic island arc systems.
All of those processes havedetermined the further tectonic stile of Siberian craton during the Late Precambrian. The stage of accretion of the Neoproterozoic island arc to the Siberianpaleocontinent has been going in pre-Vendian, however, even at the end of Vendian the regime of active continental margin was again resumed at least in the southwesternSiberian plate.
Vendian to Earliest Paleozoic is the next important step in tectonic history of the Siberian plate. Its connecting to dynamics of development of the island arc systemlies along the south to south-western margin of the Siberian continent.
Relicts of theseisland arcs formed the framework of the Caledonian structure of the Central Asia foldbelt and appeared on the Altai-Sayan region southwestern frame of Siberian craton.
Geological and paleomagnetic data prove that the modern mosaic structure of this frameis the result of deformation of a primary stretching island arc system during its obliqueaccretion to the craton under the large-scale strike-slip conditions.
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Late Paleozoic dynamics of crust deformation of the Siberian plate at the stage ofcollision with Kazakhstan Baltica and Kara continents was most likely controlled by deepfaults inherited from Early Paleozoic structure.
At the end of the Paleozoic, strike-slipsmovements of tectonic domains within the structure of Eurasian continental plate havetaken place.
This key moment in the tectonic history of Siberia has been manifested bythe dramatic trap eruption well known as the Siberian Large Igneous Province. Paleomagnetic evidence obtained for the Mesozoic of Siberia suggest Mesozoicgeological history of Eurasia to be essentially determined by the strike-slip motions oflarge-scale tectonic domains within its structure.
The synthesis of paleomagnetic data onthe Mesozoic of Eurasia justifies a sinistrial strike-slip motion of the assemblage ofSiberian structures relative to the European and North-China ones during the Mesozoic.
This process is reflected by the clockwise rotation of the Siberian domain. Thediscrepancy in paleomagnetic pole positions of deferent domains demonstrate thesystematic character and allow to be revealed the scales of strike-slip motions associatedwith this rotation and to propose a new tectonic model describing the history of theclosure of Mongolo-Okhotsk paleoocean. The oldest island arc complex of Taimyr: In this paper we provide data on the oldest island arc complex of Taimyr, which was established within the Central-Taimyr accretionary belt.
We demonstrate its relationship with the mainly turbiditic back-arc basin complex. U-Pb isotopic data for zircons are presented from a plagiogranite and a plagiorhyodacite, indicating that the island arc formed m. T Nd DM varies from to Ma. Paleomagnetic investigations performed on the island arc complex rocks showed that the paleomagnetic pole of the island arc is close to synchronous poles, obtained for the south-east of the Siberian craton.
Consequently, the island arc whose relicts are preserved in the modern structure of the Three Sisters Lake region was located in close proximity to the Taimyr margin of Siberia at the moment of its formation and could be separated from the continent by a back-arc basin. The data obtained have a fundamental significance for geodynamic paleoreconstructions in the Arctic sector for the Neoproterozoic.
The motion of lithospheric blocks was analyzed in the junction zone between the Eurasian Plate and its surrounding structures. Its present-day stage was considered using GPS and seismologic data. Models of the movement of a rigid plate are considered for Eurasia. A model of Eurasia northern part of Asia was used to determine the rotation parameters of its southern periphery Amur Plate based on GPS data for the Far East Sikhote Alin profileand Transbaikal regions are shown as an example.
Paleomagnetic data made it possible to determine the rotation pole of the Siberian Craton relative to its surrounding folded structures during the Mesozoic and to estimate its kinematic parameters.
The permanent position of the rotation pole in the relative coordinate system since the terminal Paleozoic until the Recent indicates a constant rotation velocity of the Siberian domain within the Eurasian Plate structure. Cambrian paleomagnetism in the Bateni Ridge: We present paleomagnetic data on the Cambrian volcanosedimentary complexes of the Bateni Ridge, which correspond to the evolution of the Kuznetsk Alatau island arc.
The paleomagnetic poles which served as the basis for the apparent polar-wander path APWP were determined. The paleomagnetic data were compared with those on the Cambrian poles for other fragments of the Kuznetsk Alatau island arc. The distribution of the paleomagnetic poles suggests that the relative drift of the Kuznetsk Alatau arc fragments and the entire island arc system resulted from large-amplitude strike-slips. In the paleomagnetic record, its accretion is reflected in the coincidence of the Late Cambrian-Early Ordovician poles on the eastern slope of the Kuznetsk Alatau with one another and the coeval poles for the Siberian craton.
Nevertheless, the differences in the position of the poles on the western and eastern slopes of the Kuznetsk Alatau suggest that strike-slip activity along the Kuznetsk-Altai deep fault the major one in the region continued in the Late Paleozoic and, probably, in the Mesozoic. In this paper we present the results of a generalization of paleomagnetic data for the territory of the Siberian craton and its folded framing that were obtained during the last fifteen years. We propose a new version of the apparent polar wander path for the Siberian continental plate, including the interval from the Mesoproterozoic-Neoproterozoic boundary up to the end of the Mesozoic.
The constructed path forms the basis for new concepts on the tectonics of the Siberian paleocontinent and the paleooceans that surrounded it. We present a series of paleotectonic reconstructions based on paleomagnetic data, which not only displays the paleogeographic position of the Siberian continent, but also reveals the features of the tectonic evolution of its margins during the last billion years.
In particular it has been established that large-scale strike-slip motions played an important role in the tectonic regime of the continental plate at all stages of its development. We present new data on the geologic structure and paleomagnetism of the Vendian and Lower Cambrian deposits of the Argun River region in East Transbaikalia. We discuss the issues related to the recognition of the Argun microcontinent within the composite blocks of the south-eastern part of the Central Asian belt, which are traditionally combined in the Amuria superterrane.
Our paleomagnetic determinations help us justify the equatorial position of the sedimentary basin, in which the deposits of the Argun terrane Beletuy and Bystrin formations formed and Ma, close to or directly on the margin of the Siberian paleocontinent.
This data is essential for the reconstruction of the geodynamic evolution of Siberia and Central Asia at the Precambrian- Paleozoic boundary. The kinematics of the Early Caledonian accretion process in the southwest in modern coordinate of the Siberian paleocontinent, and the structure of its active continental margin are debatable subjects. The large accumulated database finally allows one to find unambiguously interpretable patterns in the distribution of paleomagnetic poles for the analyzed terrane system and to justify numerically the kinematics of the Early Caledonian accretion.
In particular, the analysis of paleomagnetic data proves our idea stating that the transformation of the active continental margin in the Cambrian consisted in its breakup and segmentation as well as in the detachment of fragments of the initially whole island arc along a system of sinistral strike-slips during the clockwise rotation of the craton and conform drift of the continental and oceanic lithospheric plates.
It also validates the mostly oblique conditions of the subduction and subsequent accretion, which means a subduction-transform mode on the ocean-continent margin.